$10K Huh? That is barely enough for one decent mic and preamp!
Ok, You didn't mention any specific requirements or goals so I am going to make a few assumptions.
1) That I would focus on getting upper quality and performance items now and continue to add and grow from that base instead of choosing half ass crap items just to have more of them.
2) That this is for a one man band home setup that does not at this time usually need more than one or two inputs at a time.
3) That he/she already has some sort of computer.
4) That the computer has a firewire interface or will be getting one in the near future to accept data from the mixer and the recorder.
5) That the CD-R is already in the computer or will be in the near future as this is what the final mixed product will be deleiverd on.
6)Accessary items such as cables, power strips, adapters, patchbays, mic stands, monitor stands, racks and furniture, ect not included but could easily chew up $1000+.
For *about* $10K this is what I would likely get based on the assummptions above. Any gear that can be bought used would save even more money.
$2000 Alesis HD24
$2500 Tascam DM24 with 2-ADAT I/O cards.
$2000 Genelec 1030 monitors
1500 Focusrite ISA 220 or ISA 428
$1000 AT4060 Tube Mic
$0575 AT4050 LD Mic
$0425 AKG 451 SD Mic
Notes: This setup is intended to get one going into recording right off the bat with a great deal of flexability and connectivity but still allow easy future upgrading and interfacing of additional gear. The DM24 mixer has eq & dynamics on every channel and 2-effects units with TC reverb and other goodies, 16-mic pres that are likely as decent as anything else in their class so the choice of either the ISA 220 or ISA 428 is a choice of one great channel or 4-very good preamps or swap the Focusrite for more mics and use the mixer preamps for a while. For the one man band thing, I would rather have the ISA 220. The DM24 can also be used as a DAW controller and has a firewire I/O option for the computer interface that would cost more and need recording/editing software that is an additional cost but is not a must have or showstopper as you can still record and do basic cut/copy/paste edits on the HD24 unit.