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Frequency Responses of Figure 8 Mics

Discussion in 'Microphones' started by dpd, Jun 4, 2009.

  1. dpd

    dpd Active Member

    Anyone have any frequency response curves of a Figure 8 mic? I believe that they should exhibit a 6 dB/octave slope, but I haven't seen any data.
     
  2. TheJackAttack

    TheJackAttack Distinguished Member

    All the mic manufacturers have pattern response diagrams. Even the Chinese manufacturers. Go to their websites and do a little search. AKG for instance

    http://www.akg.com/site/products/powerslave,id,781,pid,781,nodeid,2,_language,EN,view,diagram.html
     
  3. Boswell

    Boswell Moderator Distinguished Member

    Are you trying to find the on-axis frequency responses or how the polar responses vary with frequency? Of single-element mics, only the pressure-gradient types are inherently fig-8, and as with any mechanical system, the ultimate high-frequency slope is -6dB/octave. Similarly, the sub-low-frequency end is +6dB/octave due to the gradient.
     
  4. Codemonkey

    Codemonkey Well-Known Member

    Boswell wrote "or how the polar responses vary with frequency?"

    Someone said "If God wanted us to visualise data with more than 2 control factors, it'd've been easier to make 3D graphs."
     
  5. BobRogers

    BobRogers Well-Known Member

    I wasn't aware of that. Why is it true?
     
  6. dpd

    dpd Active Member

    Frequency response...Yup, just what I expected. I do similar work with figure 8 pressure gradient underwater hydrophones and they all exhibit a 2nd order bandpass response. However, I've not seen any published data. I may have to go do some measurements myself.
     
  7. Boswell

    Boswell Moderator Distinguished Member

    A perfect mechanical damped second-order system that responds to a pressure gradient will inherently have a +6dB/octave response from d.c. up to frequencies approaching its resonant frequency just because of the displacement-velocity relationship. Above its resonant frequency, the mechanical output will be falling at 12dB/octave, and taken with the still-rising displacement-velocity characteristic, results in a 6dB/octave fall at high frequencies.

    Now a microphone is not a perfect system, as it is not infinite in extent, resulting in leakage round the diaphragm and finite path lengths for the sound to reach the rear as well as the front. It's the job of the microphone designer to position the resonant frequency so that the microphone has the required low-frequency response. Additionally, control of the damping factor, the acoustic path lengths and attenuation in the leakage path from front to rear of the diaphragm can all be manipulated to keep the response acceptably flat up to high audio frequencies. Above that, the natural mechanical responses dominate, which in the non-perfect model of a microphone, will probably be a -6dB/octave characteristic rapidly becoming a -12dB/octave.

    This is an interesting on-line book, with links to other sections. There's also more about the mechanical response of pressure-gradient microphones here.
     

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