Greetings! I'm planning to help a friend record a self-produced cover album of a few popular songs (new arrangements), and I have some music publishing questions that I was wondering if anyone had any insights to: Besides paying the required mechanical royalty fees, are you required to get official permission to record the song in the first place? In other words, are OP or SP holders allowed to deny anyone to recording covers of their songs? From what I understand, paying the initial mechanical royalties is in fact a lump sum advance payment of future CDs/singles/music sold. After that, is the artist or indie label contractually binded to reporting total income sales of the covers on an annual basis to all the respective OP/SP holders, forever? After recording the cover songs with the new arrangements, does the cover-artist (who paid for the album) own the masters to these new recordings? Thanks for any insights!