...made me wonder what others are doing with their pan settings. I just finished reading the section on pan laws in Roey Izhaki's book Mixing Audio. He indicates the main pan laws are -0 -3 -4.5 and -6dB, and explains that for most stereo mixing, -3dB is probably what we are looking for, but I am always curious about rogue values and settings, and the people who might use them. Another interesting thing is Cubase has (in addition to the values already mentioned) another (default) value called equal power, which claims to maintain equal power regardless of pan position. I have just started experimenting with settings other than equal power, but I have not come to any conclusion. So, are there any rebels out there using something other than -3dB, and if so, why? I am also curious to know if any analog mixing boards have selectable pan laws. I trust that if there are, the numbers are relatively small. And perhaps to expand the core idea of spatial placement of sounds, do any of you regularly the Haas trick as a tool? What about phase or time adjustments to one side of a stereo track? My early experiments indicate that changing phase and time even in the smallest amounts can have a profound effect on location.