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RMS - Peak Levels for final output

I've read that the difference between the RMS level or average volume level and the peaks in an audio track is a good determination of the amount of dynamics in the track. According to which kind of project your working on and what it will be used for, I realize that these may differ. I've read for TV commercials especially, heavy compression is used so that the final mix can be pushed up to maximum amplitude. I am curious to know for each of the following, what would be your desirable final RMS and peak values and why? I am still trying to understand this a little more.

Peak at Output- a sum of frequencies? Or just the highest frequency?

Question- Does the volume of individual frequencies cause clipping at the master bus or does a song clip because of the summed volume across the frequency spectrum?

Context- I'm trying to make my recordings as loud as possible without abusing master compression. I know that a good arrangement can make a song appear louder. So I'm trying to make sure that the music is properly balanced in the frequency spectrum in attempts to make the music appear "louder."

Disk Peak / Audio drops in Cubase - please help!


I'm working on some Cubase sx projects that have recently rise to an high number of audio tracks, all in 48 Khz/32 bit float.

In the last recording sessions I had an annoying problem: when I press the playback button the audio at some point drops for returning few seconds later.
In this timeframe Cubase's disc panel led peak very high (unlike the CPU led, that seem ok).

This happens all the times, until I must delete the last recorded track that seems to cause the problem.

Clipping Peak Removal?


I have several old tracks that have the odd clipped peak. I was wondering on recommendations for 'fixing' these. I realise that these are somewhat limited in scope, but in my case these are tracks that are fine except for 3-4 unsightly overs.

I've seen adverts for various tools like Izotope and so on, but never used them (Happily using WL4 for close to a decade I guess.)



Peak Hold

The part of a non-mechanical meter, where the topmost LED will stay lit to indicate an over. Useful in digital recording or mastering situations where any overs are undesirable. Often the length of time a meter will display the over is user definable as is what constitutes an over (how many successive samples.)

Peak vs. RMS on compression only, not limiting.

Mod, please move if this belongs in a different forum. It is budget gear, but the principle still remains behind it. I am sure some other high-end pieces have the same option I am talking about.

I am thinking of purchasing an Alesis 3630 from my friend for 50 bucks, and have been doing some research on it. It has the peak and RMS modes to it, and to my understanding the peaks only monitors the transients and the RMS monitors the average signal.

Peak difficulty

Hey, just a short question this time. When recording for instance classical guitar, and I listen back to it, whenever there's a peak in the sound there's extra hum. What? Yea. I've tried moving away from the mic (this time I used the SM58 which should NOT have such problems) and turning the input gain on my USB interface halfway (its TAPCO/Mackie) and I can't even see the soundwave anymore, but still it's there, not when the notes are played very softly but when the notes are struck hard it appears all of a sudden. It's really annoying! :(

References considered during RMS or Peak compression?

Could someone correct any of my thinking here, and answer my questions also? Please read carefully and make sure you
understand the question before responding. If I am not making myself clear, I can make a 5 minute video and post it on YouTube and post a link to the video with me demonstrating and asking the question.



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